Today, using smartphones to take photos has become a popular way for people to record and share everyday memories. Camera performance has also become an important factor for consumers when deciding to purchase a new smartphone. However, unlike traditional digital single-lens reflex cameras (DSLRs), smartphones are designed to be lightweight and slim. Therefore, adopting a larger CMOS image sensor (CIS) or a heavier lens assembly to improve photoshoot is not practical. To overcome this physical limitation, advanced image signal processors (ISPs) and innovative computational photography algorithms are used to significantly enhance the imaging quality of smartphone cameras. These solutions can effectively compensate for the shortcoming of not being able to incorporate larger optical components into a smartphone camera.
CMOS image sensor (CIS) is the core component of a smartphone camera module, and its size and design architecture have a decisive impact on image quality. The optical format, which is the shape and size of the image sensor, is crucial for imaging. A larger optical format or optical size allows for capturing more light, thereby providing higher imaging resolution and a higher dynamic range. Hence, the larger the CMOS image sensor, the better the smartphone camera performs in low-light conditions. Conversely, a smaller optical format restricts the amount of light captured and results in a smaller pixel size. This ultimately leads to a drop in image quality.
The designs and technologies related to CIS units embedded in smartphone camera modules continue to evolve. Through innovations, CIS units now provide smartphones with more advanced and outstanding performance in terms of photography and imaging.
The global rise of smart cars has pushed the automotive industry toward developing smart cockpits—in addition to advancements in Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS) and the deployment of smart roads. This strategic move aims to accelerate the commercialization timeline of smart vehicles. This report will delve into smart cockpit development trends from a communication perspective, while also exploring the current status of international automakers and suppliers in the realm of communication-related smart cockpits.
With the maturation of the smartphone market, smartphone brands face increasing difficulties in launching innovative products. At the same time, consumers lack compelling reasons to replace their existing smartphones. Looking at brands for Android smartphones, they are under pressure to offer new highlights in terms of features and designs. To give consumers a sense of “meaningful upgrade,” brands in the Android camp have introduced the most notable innovation in device appearance to date—foldable smartphone.
To build a foldable smartphone, brands have to incorporate several components that are exclusive to this design. These components include flexible display, uniquely structured hinges, etc. Due to the significant manufacturing costs of the specialized components and the relative immaturity of the related technologies, brands have been unable to keep production cost down for foldable devices. The price of the whole device has to be raised in order for foldable smartphones to have a decent profit margin. Hence, foldable smartphones have remained in the flagship segment of the market since 2019, when Samsung launched the first of their kind. Currently, foldable devices still represent a very niche market segment with limited demand.
The deployment of FTTH accelerates in regional markets such as Europe, North America, and Southeast Asia. Hence, the major international companies involved in telecommunication, networking equipment, and semiconductor chips are now actively expanding into the market for fiber-optic infrastructure. Furthermore, in China, the qualification of technologies related to 50G PON and the development of FTTR are both gaining momentum. This, in turn, will increase shipments of fiber-optic equipment from Taiwan-based suppliers.
Long-term trends pertaining to the steady cultivation and diversification of network applications will continue to elevate the connection speed of landlines. Various end devices will still have to rely on network cables or Wi-Fi to attain high-speed transmission after high-speed internet is installed in households, which accentuates the utter importance of Wi-Fi. This report dissects the demand background and growth tendencies of Wi-Fi 6/6E from the perspective of landline upgrades and development in applications, as well as focuses on the recent progression of quintessential suppliers.
Release 18 for 5G-Advanced, built on top of 3GPP Release 15, 16, and 17, is scheduled to have its standards stipulated in 2023, and will continue to develop advanced 5G applications. Preliminary standards for Release 21 of 6G are expected to complete in 2028.
6G wireless communication technology is expected to accomplish global communication coverage, as well as multisensory and online merge offline applications. Various major global communication companies have announced white papers on possible applications and prospect for 6G, and are successively engaging in studies of 6G communication technology, prior to the stipulation of 6G standards.
The Mobile World Congress (MWC 2023) took place in Barcelona, Spain, from February 27 to March 2, 2023. As one of the most influential exhibitions in the global smartphone industry, it attracted numerous Android brands to debut their latest models and present a variety of novel technologies. Reflecting on the exhibits showcased at MWC 2023, manufacturers displayed their advances in smartphone screens, camera performance, and satellite communications, charging, and cooling technologies.
Upon examining the displays at MWC 2023, we can anticipate an increase in the adoption of satellite communication functions in future smartphones. Chinese brands also appear to be laying the groundwork for a high-end presence in the international market.
The IEEE 802.11 working group announced the final specifications for 802.11be (Wi-Fi 7), preparing for its commercial applications to commence that year. The transition of Wi-Fi from shared frequencies of Wi-Fi 6’s 2.4GHz and 5GHz to Wi-Fi 7’s simultaneous transmission on 2.4/5/6GHz frequencies will significantly enhance signal transmission efficiency. The Wi-Fi Alliance anticipates that the global Wi-Fi market’s total value will touch US$4.9 trillion by 2025.
Semiconductor, networking, and test manufacturers worldwide have initiated the launch of related products in the early developmental stages of Wi-Fi 7, intending to secure a global market foothold. The low latency and minimal interference of Wi-Fi 7 signals will facilitate fully immersive experiences in VR, AR, and the Metaverse.
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